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Rebaudioside A is a glucosylated steviol glycoside studied and used as a non-glycemic food sweetener
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Rebaudioside A is a steviol glycoside, α-glucosidase inhibitor with IC50 of 35.01 μg/ml.can inhibit ATP-sensitive K+-channels.Target: α-glucosidase IC 50: 35.01 ug/mLIn vitro: rebaudioside A stimulat the insulin secretion from MIN6 cells in a dose- and glucose-dependent manner. In conclusion, the insulinotropic effect of rebaudioside A is mediated via inhibition of ATP-sensitive K+-channels and requires the presence of high glucose. In vivo: in vivo mouse micronucleus test at doses up to 750 mg/kg bw and an unscheduled DNA synthesis test in rats at doses up to 2000 mg/kg bw, rebaudioside A do not cause any genotoxic effects at any of the doses tested.
. Adari BR et al. Synthesis of rebaudioside-A by enzymatic transglycosylation of stevioside present in the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni. Food Chem. 2016 Jun 1;200:154-8.
. Abudula R et al. Rebaudioside A directly stimulates insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells: a glucose-dependent action via inhibition of ATP-sensitive K-channels. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2008 Nov;10(11):1074-85.
. Williams LD et al. Genotoxicity studies on a high-purity rebaudioside A preparation. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009 Aug;47(8):1831-6.